What is the difference between Fulvic and Humic acids?

The innovation in Panatechnology’s latest developments is the method of extracting fulvic and humic extracts from the extremely useful natural raw material for plants – decayed vegetation of over 100,000 years – young Leonardite. It is applied due to the fact that Humic acids have a high molecular weight, which makes them difficult to absorb through the leaves, therefore soil application is recommended. However, the Fulvics are a subdivision of the Humics, but, unlike them, they have a small, mobile and 100% water-soluble and leaf-absorbable molecule, which also allows their foliar application.

Panatehnology’s latest and most innovative high Potassium fulvic formulation – Panatop Fulvic Max has shown amazing results across the country in a variety of crops this past economic year.

In addition to its standard leaf application, we would like to introduce you another of its functions, which we tested in several farms in Northern and Southern Bulgaria, together with our partners from Nik Agro Service, following the example of global practices in regenerative agriculture.

Last autumn we treated various fields with wheat, corn and sunflower residues, as before doing Soil Health tests, which we repeated half a year later, this spring. The results exceeded expectations. In all plots, regardless of the type of crop residues, soil fertility was significantly increased, expressed in an increase in mineralized Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium and in the Protein index, which is a major factor in soil evaluation. The differences between the control and treated fields can be explained by the more active action of soil microorganisms.

The high content of Potassium fulvate with algae extracts, selected Amino acids and concentrated microelements makes Panatop Fulvic Max not only one of the best destructors of plant residues, but also a soil enricher and is recommended for reduced fertilization rates. It significantly increases the level of mineralized Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium in the soil that are available to plants. And together with this, it significantly increases the value of the land, through the increased number of soil microorganisms. In this way, the sprayed plant residues return all the nutrients available in them, thus reviving the soil fertility.

Another main function of humic and fulvic extracts is to block heavy metals in the soil that interact with the NPK in it and thus make them unavailable to plants. After their intervention, crops gain access to all available and useful substances.

Last but not least, these extracts have the property of absorbing moisture and retaining it for a period of 20 days. This is an exceptional advantage in the recently frequent droughts during and after the sowing period.

When treated in late summer and early autumn at warmer temperatures, Potassium Fulvate promotes the development of soil microorganisms. As autumn progresses, temperatures drop and moisture increases, large numbers of microorganisms begin to feed on plant residues. In this way, they enrich the soil, returning to it all the NPK available in them.

The increasing number of soil microorganisms is directly proportional to the increase in fertility and the potential for sustainable agriculture.